What are the types of cybercrimes?


Here are some types of cybercrime:

Fraud using e-mail and the Internet

Digital identity theft (theft and use of personal data)

Theft of payment card data and other financial information

Theft and resale of corporate data

Cyberschantage (extortion of money under threat of attack)

Attacks using ransomware (one of the varieties of cyber-sabotage)

Cryptojacking (mining cryptocurrencies using other people’s resources)

Cyber espionage (obtaining unauthorized access to government or corporate data)

Disruption of systems in order to compromise the network

Copyright infringement

Illegal gambling

Online trading of prohibited goods

Harassment, production or possession of child pornography

Cybercrime always implies at least one of the following:

Criminal activity for the purpose of attacking computers using viruses or other malware.

Using computers to commit other crimes.

Cybercriminals, whose goal is to attack computers, can infect them with malware in order to damage or completely disable them, as well as to delete or steal data. Cybercriminals may also target a DoS attack (a denial of service attack), due to which users or customers of the company will not be able to use the website, computer network or software services.

Cybercrimes, in which computers are used to commit other crimes, may be aimed at distributing malware, prohibited information or images using computers or computer networks.

Cybercriminals often use and attack computers at the same time. For example, they can first attack computers with a virus, and then use them to spread malware further across the network. In some countries, the classification of cybercrimes provides for another, third category: the use of a computer as an auxiliary tool for committing a crime. An example is the storage of stolen data on a computer.